Review and Progress
The Chemical Composition and Attack Mechanism of the Venom of Holometabolous Insects
Institute of Life Science, Jiyang College of Zhejiang A&F University, Zhuji, 311800, China
Molecular Entomology, 2023, Vol. 14, No. 5 doi: 10.5376/me.2023.14.0005
Received: 07 Aug., 2023 Accepted: 14 Aug., 2023 Published: 29 Aug., 2023
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Preferred citation for this article:
Guo T.X., 2023, The chemical composition and attack mechanism of the venom of holometabolous insects, Molecular Entomology, 14(5): 1-7 (doi: 10.5376/me.2023.14.0005)
Holometabolous insects are a very special type of insect, and their venom has unique components and strong attacking ability. In this paper, the venom of various holometabolous insects was extracted and separated, and the main chemical components of the venom were identified using various analytical methods. At the same time, this paper also explored the action mechanism, targets, and pathways of venom components. The research results showed that the chemical components of venom in holometabolous insects had various biological activities, including antibacterial, anti-tumor, analgesic effects, etc. In addition, venom could also affect the physiology and behavior of hosts, such as inducing itching, paralysis, and other symptoms. Finally, this paper discussed the potential of venom in medical and agricultural applications.
Holometabolous insects; Venom; Chemical composition; Attack mechanism; Biological activity